THE FALKLANDS WAR saw British troops successfully reclaim the Islands in the South Atlantic after brutal fighting with Argentine forces. to be dismayed at the conclusion about General Belgrano and the President of the Federation of Argentine War Veterans Luis Ibáñez hoped to produce more witnesses to show that the sinking was a war crime. THE FALKLANDS WAR in 1982 saw Britain successfully recover the Islands following an Argentine invasion – but it turns out the Royal Navy had to overcome one of its own ships to … Then-Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher sent a task force to retake the islands. Argentine ship used in Falklands conflict sinking . Argentina names top football league after ship sunk in Falklands war This article is more than 8 years old. It carries helicopters and Seacat missiles. The warship was built as USS Phoenix, the sixth ship of the Brooklyn-class cruiser design, in Camden, New Jersey, by the New York Shipbuilding Corporation starting in 1935, and launched in March 1938. per: the 1955 coup in which Perón was overthrown, United Nations Security Council Resolution 502, List of ships sunk by submarines by death toll, "A Brief History of the GENERAL BELGRANO", "The Falklands: Two Hollow Victories at Sea", "Operation Black Buck - 1st May to 12 June 1982", "Thatcher in the dark on sinking of Belgrano", "1982: British sub sinks Argentine cruiser", "Torpedoes of the United Kingdom/Britain : Post-World War II", Diana Gould and Thatcher at an interview where Thatcher admits the Peruvian Peace Proposals did not reach London until after the attack on the Belgrano, "Hundimiento del General Belgrano – Comunicados oficiales", "Troubled history of Official Secrets Act", "Margaret Thatcher's Belgrano critic Diana Gould dies, aged 85", "Belgrano was heading to the Falklands, secret papers reveal", https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/8944544/Diana-Gould.html, "Argentina says Belgrano sinking was lawful act of war", "Gesto británico en el mar Gesto británico en el mar", "Cartas de lectores Crucero Gral. It's 10 weeks into the Falklands War, and two British Harriers find themselves protecting damaged ships. In May 1983, Thatcher appeared on Nationwide, a live television show on BBC1, where a teacher, Diana Gould,[36][37] questioned her about the sinking, saying that the ship was already west of the Falklands and heading towards the Argentinian mainland to the west. BRITISH SHIPS LOST & DAMAGED. If they have 100 … It may seem farfetched to suggest the British are involved in the submarine’s disappearance, but many Argentines remember how brutal the Brits can be. Survived the conflict. There are 1,042 men aboard the ship. [15] Two of the three torpedoes hit General Belgrano. The USS Phoenix taxied many American soldiers in the Pacific Theater before being sunk as the ARA General Belgrano in the Falklands War. [5] On 23 April, the British Government clarified in a message that was passed via the Swiss Embassy in Buenos Aires to the Argentine government that any Argentine ship or aircraft that was considered to pose a threat to British forces would be attacked. Tags: World War II U.S. Navy USS Phoenix Falklands War Royal Navy Argentina Military History Explained: The British Royal Navy Sunk … WEEK FIVE, Falkland Area Operations 26th April-2nd May 1982 . Lombardo's signal was intercepted by British Intelligence. One of them sunk a British destroyer. The vessel was the second to have been named after the Argentine founding father Manuel Belgrano (1770–1820). On May 21 British forces made an amphibious landing near Port San Carlos on … ARA General Belgrano (C-4) was an Argentine Navy light cruiser in service from 1951 until 1982. Later in June towed out to sea and sunk as a war grave. On 30 April, General Belgrano was detected by the British nuclear-powered hunter-killer submarine Conqueror. All Argentine aircraft, including civil aircraft engaged in surveillance of these British forces, will be regarded as hostile and are liable to be dealt with accordingly. The two came together in the Falklands Conflict, a 10-week undeclared war in the South Atlantic between the United Kingdom and Argentina over two British dependent territories in the South Atlantic: the Falkland Islands and its territorial dependency, South Georgia and … ARA GENERAL BELGRANO SUNK. If it had left well alone in 1982, depopulation would eventually have left the Falklands unviable. Argentina invaded the Falklands… ATLANTIC CONVEYOR - mortally damaged north east of Falklands by Exocet missile fired by Super Etendard of CANA 2 Esc. This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 03:37. The Belgrano sinking was the most controversial event of the Falklands War. The 1982 war between Britain and Argentina was a true test of British naval capabilities - and a resounding defeat for the invading Argentines. Britain lost five ships and 256 lives in the fight to regain the Falklands, and Argentina lost its only cruiser and 750 lives. From the British perspective, the Falklands conflict was predominately a naval campaign, involving a task force which ultimately amounted to 127 ships, consisting of 43 Royal Navy vessels, 22 from the Royal Fleet Auxiliary and 62 merchant ships. Originally commissioned by the U.S. as USS Phoenix, she saw action in the Pacific theatre of World War II before being sold by the United States to Argentina. TV and still pictures of Antelope's sinking became one of the iconic images of the Falklands War. He wrote: The speed and direction of an enemy ship can be irrelevant, because both can change quickly. [11] In his book One Hundred Days, Admiral Woodward claims that General Belgrano was part of the southern part of a pincer movement aimed at the task force, and had to be sunk quickly. Later reports put the number of deaths in the area around the explosion at 275 men. [59], In late 2011, Major David Thorp, a former British military intelligence officer who led the signals intercept team aboard HMS Intrepid, released the book The Silent Listener detailing the role of intelligence in the Falklands War. Today’s Argentine Navy boast two amphibious vessels (one command ship, one cargo ship), four destroyers, nine corvettes and three submarines, but like the UK, no carrier. France placed embargo on Argentina when war started. Through a message passed via the Swiss Embassy in Buenos Aires to the Argentine government nine days before the sinking, the UK made clear that it no longer considered the 200 miles (320 km) exclusion zone as the limit of its military action. Pictured: The watery graves of 42 British servicemen are revealed 35 years after their three Royal Navy ships were sunk by Argentina in the Falklands War This list includes all major warships that entered service with the Argentine Navy since being formally established in the 1860s. Before long, … After the sinking, Argentina rejected the plan but the UK indicated its acceptance on 5 May. Ardent was bombarding an Argentine airstrip from the nearby Falkland Sound when she was attacked by at least three waves of enemy aircraft. The General Belgrano, an Argentine cruiser, was sunk during the Falklands War on May 2nd 1982. On 2 April an amphibious landing was made at Stanley and on 3 April Argentine marines used helicopters to take over the Georgias. [61], In 2012 the President of Argentina, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, referred to the sinking of General Belgrano as a "war crime". Remains of a Argentine helicopter shot down during the Falklands War. Argentine forces finally surrendered and peace was declared on 20 June. Salt; HMS Coventry - sunk on 25 May by three bombs from a Douglas A-4B Skyhawk (†19+1) - Fatal Damage [41] Thatcher herself commented during the interview: "I think it could only be in Britain that a prime minister was accused of sinking an enemy ship that was a danger to our navy, when my main motive was to protect the boys in our navy."[42]. It was the first of four Royal Navy ships sunk during the Falklands War. 3rd April - 15th June 1982 . Again, geography gave the advantage to the Argentine forces. Argentine FAA Skyhawks suffered heavily ... A-4C Skyhawk of FAA Grupo 4 damaged over San Carlos Water by ship and ground-based air defences and crashed into King George Bay, West Falkland on flight home (1.30 pm). The sinking also became a cause célèbre for anti-war campaigners such as Labour MP Tam Dalyell. Gould also said that the Peruvian peace proposal must have reached London in the 14 hours between its publication and the sinking of General Belgrano, and the escalation of the war could have thus been prevented. The ARA General Belgrano was sunk by the Royal Navy submarine Conqueror during the Falklands war, killing 323 Argentine sailors. Argentine forces finally surrendered and peace was declared on 20 June. [7] The zone was stated to be "...without prejudice to the right of the United Kingdom to take whatever additional measures may be needed in exercise of its right of self-defence, under Article 51 of the United Nations Charter." How One Argentine Submarine Kept The Royal Navy At Bay During The Falklands War. General Belgrano was sunk outside the 200-nautical-mile (370 km) total exclusion zone around the Falklands, delimited by the UK. The Belgrano was sunk by the hunter-killer submarine HMS Conqueror with considerable loss of life. [29] Early reports suggested that more than 1,000 Argentine sailors might have been killed in the sinking; it was in fact around a third of that number. In the book he stated that despite the fact that General Belgrano was observed by Conqueror sailing away from the Falklands at the time of the attack, she had actually been ordered to proceed to a rendezvous point within the Exclusion Zone. Entries are … Britain and Argentina fought a short, savage war over the Falklands/Malvinas in 1982 when Argentina seized the British overseas territory in the South Atlantic. The news was subsequently dominated by military action and the British continued to offer ceasefire terms until 1 June that were rejected by the Junta.[31]. Monday 3rd May [a11] - Aermacchi MB-339A of CANA 1 Esc crashed into ground near Stanley approaching airfield in bad weather (4.00 pm). Frigate HMS Ardent, lost 21st May 1982 ... HMS COVENTRY - sunk north of Pebble Island in same attack by three bombs. Her sister HMS Ardent sank in Grantham Sound after being hit by a succession of bombs on May 21, 1982. The Belgrano was launched in 1938 as an American light cruiser – then named the USS Phoenix. [22][19], Argentine and Chilean ships rescued 772 men in all from 3 to 5 May. It is believed that none of the ship's company were in that part of the ship at the time of the explosion.[17]. We, as professionals, said it was just too bad that we lost the Belgrano". That at 17 hours on 2 May, the cruiser ARA General Belgrano was attacked and sunk by a British submarine in a point at 55° 24' south latitude and 61° 32' west longitude. In 1982 the Royal Navy had several improved version Type 42 destroyers, one of which HMS Sheffield was sunk with an AM-30 Exocet missile by a Super Etendard from the air branch of the Argentine … [38] She added that "One day, all of the facts, in about 30 years time, will be published", apparently a reference to a classified report prepared by intelligence officer Major David Thorp for Thatcher after the incident. She survived the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941 undamaged, and went on to earn nine battle stars for World War II service. The war cost some 650 Argentine and 253 British dead and did not settle the dispute: Argentina still claims the Falklands. Sold with her was another of her class, the USS Boise, renamed ARA Nueve de Julio, which was withdrawn in 1977. According to the British historian Sir Lawrence Freedman, neither Thatcher nor the Cabinet was aware of General Belgrano's change of course before the cruiser was attacked. During the ten-week Falklands War in spring 1982, U.S. satellites provided vital intelligence to the UK that contributed to the sinking of Argentina’s light cruiser, the ARA General Belgrano. The sinking of the veteran Argentine cruiser General Belgrano by British submarine HMS Conqueror causes the biggest single loss of life in the Falklands war as more than 320 Argentines are killed. In the emotional exchange that followed, Thatcher answered that the vessel was a threat to British ships and lives and denied that the peace proposal had reached her. On May 4, Sheffield was detected by Argentine Super Etendard which launched its Exocet missile, hitting the ship above the waterline and causing a fierce fire that killed 20 crewmen. The Argentine Navy (ARA), particularly its commander-in-chief and Junta member, Admiral Jorge Anaya, was the main architect and supporter of a military solution to resolve the long-standing claim of sovereignty over the islands. In the fighting that followed, 655 Argentine and 255 British servicemen lost their lives, as did three Falkland Islanders. Combat was confined to the area around and on the Falkland Islands and South Georgia. • Formosa - A 12,762-ton cargo ship, attacked by Argentine Douglas A-4 Skyhawks of Grupo 5 by mistake. It has only limited to respond to Britain's attacks, without using force beyond what is necessary to ensure the defense of their territories. It is equipped with 6in and 5in guns and was built in 1939. [47], The area where General Belgrano sank is classified as a War Grave under Argentine Congress Law 25.546. Belgrano", "Murió el comandante del crucero General Belgrano", "Belgrano was heading to Falklands, papers reveal", "Cristina: "Lo del Belgrano fue un crimen de guerra, Margaret Thatcher's letter to George Foulkes Esq, MP on the sinking of the Belgrano, Asociación Amigos del Crucero General Belgrano, Vice Admiral Sir Tim McClement Interview "Why we sank the Belgrano" on BBC radio 4, List of cruisers of the United States Navy, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in 1956, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in 1982, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=ARA_General_Belgrano&oldid=996204688, Brooklyn-class cruisers of the Argentine Navy, Ships present during the attack on Pearl Harbor, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Short description is different from Wikidata, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from February 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The second torpedo struck about three-quarters of the way along the ship, just outside the rear limit of the side armour plating. RFA Sir Tristram - badly damaged off Fitzroy in same attack and abandoned, but later returned to UK and repaired. This article describes the composition and actions of the Argentine naval forces in the Falklands War. Task Force 79 was charged with defending the Falklands and controlled three subordinate task groups. Argentina does not claim to have sunk the HMS Invincible. Figaro SENIOR MEMBER. The Phoenix was based at Pearl … I would like to be quite precise that, as far as I was concerned, the 200-mile limit was valid until 1 May, that is while diplomatic negotiations were taking place and/or until a real act of war took place, and that had happened on 1 May". [25] The minimal role of the Navy in the rest of the campaign led to a considerable loss of credibility and influence within the Junta. by Warfare History Network Key … Fought hundreds of miles from the nearest mainland, the war was decided in the air, and 20 years later, the pilots still remember every violent minute. [30] Diplomatic efforts to that point had failed completely. Inflatable life rafts were deployed, and the evacuation began without panic. Two Task Groups designated 79.1, which included the aircraft carrier ARA Veinticinco de Mayo plus two Type 42 destroyers, and 79.2, which included three Exocet missile armed Drummond-class corvettes,[9] both sailed to the north. [19] Though the forward bulkheads held, water was rushing in through the hole created by the second torpedo and could not be pumped out because of the electrical power failure. I was doing some reading around HMS Alacrity in the Falklands war and discovered that she sunk the ARA Isla de los Estados. The sinking of the Argentine battleship Belgrano was the first major engagement of the war over control of the Falkland Islands in the south Atlantic. British nuclear submarines continued to operate in the sea areas between Argentina and the Falkland Islands, gathering intelligence, providing early warning of air raids and effectively imposing sea denial. Losses from General Belgrano totalled just over half of Argentine military deaths in the war. After the show, Thatcher's husband Denis lashed out at the producer of the show in the entertainment suite, saying that his wife had been "stitched up by bloody BBC poofs and Trots". Cap tribute to ARA General Belgrano was an Argentine Navy ligth cruiser in service from 1951 until 1982.. Many people, both inside and outside the British Parliament said it was an unnecessary use of force - the ship was outside the exclusion zone and apparently sailing away from the Falklands. 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