Jean-Marc Aveline anticipated the tercentenary of the consecration of the diocese to the Sacred Heart and solemnly renewed it on Palm Sunday, on the porch of [the church] Notre-Dame de la Garde.”29. All rights reserved. On the island of Java alone, the outbreak caused the death of 100,000 people. 2. The events that followed are remembered in history under the name of “The Great Plague of Marseille.” 1. Despite its zealous bishop’s efforts, Marseille, once an example of religiosity, did not turn its back on immorality. The reconstruction of the skull of one body, a 15-year-old boy, revealed the first historical evidence of an autopsy The anatomical techniques used to appear in a surgical book dating from 1708. There, the bodies of the sick and dead were piled up to such a point that one could not take a step without stepping on them. That long period of immunity contributed to a lack of vigilance that resulted in disaster. We can always rebuild the economy. Instead the ship was placed under quarantine in the port of Marseille. A few days later, the disease broke out in the city. The Great Plague of Marseille was the last major outbreak of bubonic plague in western Europe. However, after five months, the plague continued to devastate the city. The wall was built of dry stone, 2m high and 70cm thick, with guard posts set back from the wall. The Plague of Justinian Painting showing the plague in Constantinople. The Great Plague of Marseille was the last of the significant European outbreaks of bubonic plague. As early as 1718, the great admiral of France, Louis-Alexandre de Bourbon, warned Sieur Le Bret, the governor of Provence, that the plague was hovering around Marseille. But the loss of human life was still great, with as many as 126,000 deaths, including half the population of Marseille. #thegreatplagueofmarseilles | 4687 people have watched this. On July 31, the parliament of Aix (capital of the province) established a sanitary cordon around Marseille and its territory. The magistrates systematically dumped them into church basements, where many had been buried at the beginning of the epidemic. The Great Plague of Marseille is a huge warning to governments never to … The first element to blame for the Great Plague of Marseille is trading and the greed of ship owners. The cargo was stored in a warehouse where many people had access to it. I owe them my care and my life since I am their pastor.”26. Should they see signs of disease, they have been turned away from Marseilles docks. During such a time, the crew would be held in one of the lazarettos that were constructed around the city. Image from: Alamy. 8 crew members had died of the plague so the ship should have been quarantined on Pomegues, a small uninhabited island near Marseille and its cargo burned. Marseille during the Great Plague of 1720. Contact Us | Search | Site Map | Fundraising Disclosure Notice | Privacy Policy© 2021 The American TFP. The price was high: the vast majority of the secular clergy perished. The Great Plague of Marseille in 1720 proved to be the last significant bubonic plague outbreak in Europe. [1] However, Marseille quickly recovered from the plague outbreak. During a two-year period, 50,000 of Marseille’s total population of 90,000 died, and an additional 50,000 people, eventually reaching Aix-en-Provence , Arles , Apt and Toulon . Dikenal sebagai Great Plague of Marseille, dan menewaskan lebih dari 126.000 orang di Eropa. Once crews have served their time, they have been allowed to enter into the city of Paris. He could constantly be found dedicating himself to his sheep on the city streets and exposing himself to the plague through his contact with the sick. The events that followed are remembered in history under the name of “The Great Plague of Marseille.” 1 1720: The Plague Devastates Marseille, a Rich but Vulnerable City. They heroically devoted themselves to giving spiritual assistance to the destitute. The govt […] The Great Plague of Marseilles was the last of the significant European outbreaks of bubonic plague . He transmitted it to Bishop Henri de Belsunce. On August 24, Bishop de Belsunce was forced to close places of worship as corpses piled up at church doors. This appointment would make him Bishop-Duke, with both ecclesiastical and temporal jurisdiction, a great honor. He also organized the city’s supplies. A widower, he remarried after the epidemic. Some students were contaminated, as well as some convents and communities of women religious. The unfortunate victims burned with fever and were covered with pustules. Bishop Belsunce refused both offers and was content to accept the pallium sent by Pope Clement XII, as a mark of special favor. The plague in Marseille. The spread of Sacred Heart badges brought relief and cures from the plague. She said that the Eucharistic prodigy was meant to convert the city. Authorities, civil servants and many priests took shelter in the fields.13, The monks of the famous Saint Victor Abbey took a cowardly attitude inside the city. With the July heat, the city turned into a hell. The disease struck everyone, regardless of age, condition or rank. I had a sponge soaked in vinegar under my nose, my cassock rolled up under my arm, and had to cross vile corpses to find the dying, thrown out of their houses and placed among the dead on mattresses, to hear their confession and console them. The Great Plague of Marseille was the last of the significant European outbreaks of bubonic plague. It withdrew definitively only when the magistrates—as representatives of the public authority—officially involved the city in this devotion to the Sacred Heart. As the infection then spread, Nobody cared anymore about “economy”. The value of the products of the Levant in the port of … Their departure could spread the plague throughout the Kingdom. It can be a very costly mistake. As part of the consecration, the Bishop crossed Marseille barefoot, without a miter and with a rope around his neck to show that he took on himself all the city’s sins, as Saint Charles Borromeo had done during the plague in Milan in 1576. It killed a total of 100,000 people in the city of Marseille, France. Deputy Mayor of Marseille lifted the quarantine to “help economy”. The old and dilapidated hospitals could not keep up with the demand for care. This was the Great Plague of Marseille. In the nearby Visitation monastery, Sister Anne-Madeleine Rémuzat simultaneously received a supernatural message that Heaven was angry with Marseille. Roze tirelessly pursued his task until the plague hit him. One eighteenth century newspaper reported in October 1720 (the height of the plague) that "Marseilles is entirely ruin'd, above 80000 Persons have died there, and abundance die daily still, so mortal and so stubborn a Plague was never seen." Additionally, the sanitation board was responsible for the accreditation of local doctors. Arriving in Marseille, France in 1720, the disease killed a total of 100,000 people: 50,000 in the city during the next two years and another 50,000 to the north in surrounding provinces and towns. Even today, after three centuries, the Mediterranean metropolis still celebrates its salvation through this devotion. The evil had already enveloped the city, sweeping through all its districts. Once again, this move was a severe blow to the cold and cruel rigor of Jansenism. Pandemi kolera di abad ke-19 juga tidak dimulai pada 1820, melainkan pada 1817. the Great Plague of London 1666–68) and, in the 18th century final recurrences in the rest of Europe (e.g. On each one, the divine Heart was printed in black on a piece of white cloth sewn on top of red fabric. If Marseilles persisted in its sins, the city would be hit with a terrible punishment that would astonish all. Among other things, its adherents denied papal primacy and infallibility. During the French Revolution, the enemies of the Sacred Heart—particularly Jansenists—destroyed all records of her heroic sanctity. In the present coronavirus epidemic, the “Great Plague of Marseille” of 1720 contains a great lesson for our days. Faced with a lack of human resources to stop the scourge, Sister Anne-Madeleine turned to Heaven, asking how she might aid her helpless fellow citizens. 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